Title page for ETD etd-11182010-134832


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Kerrin, Sean Francis
Author's Email Address skerri2@tigers.lsu.edu
URN etd-11182010-134832
Title Miocene Fluctuations of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet and the Influence of Meltwater on the Ross Sea Outer Continental Shelf: Seismic-stratigraphic Based Interpretations
Degree Master of Science (M.S.)
Department Geology & Geophysics
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Bart, Philip Committee Chair
Lorenzo, Juan Committee Member
Warny, Sophie Committee Member
Keywords
  • west antarctic ice sheet
  • seismic
  • miocene
  • ross sea
Date of Defense 2010-10-28
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The changing extents of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) and the manifestation of meltwater discharge on the outer shelf during the Miocene were deduced using seismic stratigraphy and seismic facies interpretations. Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) Leg 28 drill sites were used for chronologic constraints of the outer continental shelf (OCS) seismic stratigraphy to establish correlations to coeval strata at the inner shelf SMS-ANDRIL drill site. The evidence indicates that grounded ice sheets periodically existed on the OCS during the early and middle Miocene and in section inferred to have been deposited in the late-Miocene. Large-scale grounding events occurred between 18.2 - 14.1 Ma when ice occupied the Central Trough, the North and South Central Highs (N/SCHs), and the rims of the Eastern Basin ramp. The grounding events resulted in widespread erosion of the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) and deposition of thick packages (>50m) of ice proximal seismic facies within the Central and Eastern Ross Sea. High amounts of sediment discharge, of both glacial-marine and ice-proximal sources, converted the Eastern Basin ramp to a shelf platform, which created a larger area across which grounded ice could advance by Late Miocene time. Comparison of the OCS record with the inner continental shelf SMS-Andrill Site suggests that units interpreted as full glacial cycles must reflect small-scale translations of grounded ice that did not affect the OCS. A large-scale meltwater discharge episode occurred between 13.8-14.1 Ma is well-preserved on the OCS. Seismic evidence indicates that grounded ice occluded Ross Sea at the time of melt discharge on the outer shelf. The general lack of similar distributions of meltwater features in the overlying section is consistent with the view of a shift to dry polar climatic conditions at sea level during the middle Miocene but the absence of similar features in the underlying section is not consistent with the view that similar climatic warmth existed during the early Miocene.
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