Title page for ETD etd-11172010-225345

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author miskowiec, Nadia
URN etd-11172010-225345
Title se réécrire: l'appropriation du langage du colonisateur, une lecture du Chemin des ordalies díAbdellatif Laâbi
Degree Master of Arts (M.A.)
Department French Studies
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Ngandu, Nkashama P Committee Chair
Jensen, Katharine A Committee Member
Russo, Adelaide M Committee Member
  • litterature maghreb
  • postcolonialisme
  • maroc
  • langage
Date of Defense 2010-11-12
Availability unrestricted
After the independence of Morocco in 1956, the question of the language arose among Moroccan writers. Highly aware of its historical implications authors had to choose between a vernacular such as spoken Arabic or Berber and a traditionally written language such as classical Arabic or French, languages of the colonizers. From there arose the contested choice of French, perceived by some as a patriotic treason.

Use of French was predicted to disappear, however some authors defended its use. One such author is Abdellatif La‚bi, father of the famous review Souffles created in 1966, that played a crucial role in defining maghrebian literature of French expression. I argue that far from betraying their freshly independent nations, such authors have served to subvert the language of the colonizer. Indeed, francophone post-colonial North African writers have managed to deconstruct the language and the novel in a way as to make it their own freeing their literature of the colonial influence. Breaking the rigidity of language allows them to express their multiple influences and serves to translate a traumatic experience such as colonization into a positive phenomenon, writing. I will demonstrate this by giving on overview of the linguistic situation in Morocco, and the historical context that led to Le Chemin des ordalies written by La‚bi; I will then propose my reading of the narrative scheme in La‚biís Le Chemin des ordalies as well as a brief analysis of the pťritexte of the novel.

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