Title page for ETD etd-11162012-110819


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Clement, Beverly Marie
URN etd-11162012-110819
Title Late Formative Plant Use and Diet at Caylán (Peru) as Seen Through the Analaysis of Macrobotanical Remains and Human Feces
Degree Master of Arts (M.A.)
Department Geography & Anthropology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Chicoine, David Committee Chair
McKillop, Heather Committee Member
Scott Cummings, Linda Committee Member
Keywords
  • Peru
  • subsistence
  • foodways
  • paleoethnobotany
  • feces
Date of Defense 2012-11-09
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This thesis presents macrobotanical and fecal data from Caylán (800 – 1 BCE), a Late and Final Formative urban center located in the Nepeña Valley, on the north-central coast of Peru, Department of Ancash. A predominant theme in Andean archaeology is understanding subsistence strategies practiced by humans during critical social, economic, and political periods in Peruvian prehistory. Excavations at the site of Caylán have unveiled ample amounts of plant and other organic remains. This research consists of a two-part analysis: examination of macrobotanical remains from the 2009 field season and excavated human feces found in various contexts of the site during the 2010 field season.

Taxonomic identifications and patterns of intra-site distribution of the plant remains are considered in light of the economic and social meanings attached to industrial and food plants. The incorporation of preserved feces provides valuable evidence for how humans physically incorporated plants into their dietary regime. Examinations at Caylán of how plants are incorporated in human-environment interactions allow for direct correlations between the presence of cultivated and domestic plants and what was consumed by the prehistoric inhabitants of Peru.

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