Type of Document Dissertation Author Wang, Xiaoting Author's Email Address firstname.lastname@example.org URN etd-11132008-162153 Title A Study of Regret and Rejoicing and a New MCDM Method Based on Them Degree Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) Department Engineering Science (Interdepartmental Program) Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Evangelos Triantaphyllou Committee Chair T. Warren Liao Committee Co-Chair Jianhua Chen Committee Member Xiaoyue Jiang Committee Member Ye-Sho Chen Dean's Representative Keywords
- rank reversal
- regret theory
- pairwise comparisons
- sensitivity analysis
Date of Defense 2008-08-15 Availability unrestricted AbstractMulti-criteria decision-making (MCDM) is one of the most widely used decision methodologies in the sciences, business, and engineering worlds. MCDM methods aim at improving the quality of decisions by making the process more explicit, rational, and efficient. One controversial problem is that some well-known MCDM methods, like the additive AHP methods and the ELECTRE II and III methods, may cause some types of rank reversal problems. Rank reversal means that the ranking between two alternatives might be reversed after some variation occurs to the decision problem, like adding a new alternative, dropping an old alternative or replacing a non-optimal alternative by a worse one etc. Usually such a rank reversal is undesirable for decision-making problems. If a method does allow it to happen, the validity of the method could be questioned. However, some recent studies indicate that rank reversals could also happen because of peopleís rational preference reversal which may be caused by their emotional feelings, like regret and rejoicing.
Since regret and rejoicing may play a pivotal role in evaluating alternatives in MCDM problems, sometimes the decision maker (DM) may want to anticipate these emotional feelings and consider them in the decision-making process. Most of the regret models in the literature use continuous functions to measure this emotional factor. This dissertation proposes to use an approach based on a linguistic scale and pairwise comparisons to measure a DMís anticipated regret and rejoicing feelings. The approach is shown to exhibit some key advantages over existing approaches. Next a multiplicative MCDM model is adopted to aggregate the alternativesí associated regret and rejoicing values with their performance values to get their final priorities and then rank them. A simulated numerical example is used to illustrate the process of the proposed method. Some sensitivity analyses which aim at examining how changes of regret and rejoicing values might affect the ranking results of the decision problems are also developed. Then a fuzzy version of the new method is introduced and illustrated by a numerical example. Finally, some concluding remarks are made. Ranking intransitivity and some other issues about the proposed method are analyzed too.
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