Title page for ETD etd-11132008-125305


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Bonin, Leila Elizabeth
Author's Email Address lbonin1@lsu.edu, leila_e_bonin@hotmail.com
URN etd-11132008-125305
Title Durable and Reusable Antimicrobial Textiles
Degree Master of Science (M.S.)
Department Human Ecology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Chen, Jonathon Y. Committee Chair
Belleau, Bonnie D. Committee Member
Negulescu, Ioan I. Committee Member
Keywords
  • kawabata
  • antibacterial
  • chitosan
Date of Defense 2008-11-03
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Antimicrobial textiles are a large research focus in the textile industry. There is an apparent need for creating reusable and durable antimicrobial textiles. Most of the textiles with antimicrobial properties effective against Staphylococcus aureus are disposable.

To address the issue, two types of biopolymer solutions were created in a USDA lab. Both solutions displayed antimicrobial properties. A medium weight, plain weave cotton sheeting was used as the test fabric. Samples of the sheeting were cut, treated, and tested to determine their efficacy as antimicrobial textiles. The tests performed included tensile deformation, bending, shearing, compression, surface friction, surface roughness, and treatment durability. To compare the effect of the finish on the cotton sheeting, untreated samples were also tested.

Results showed that the antimicrobial finishes negatively affected most of the fabric properties. Tensile, bending, and shearing were greatly affected by the treatments while compression and surface friction and roughness showed only slight impairments. The samples that were washed up 25 times could still retain certain microbial resistance. The samples washed by 50 times showed no antimicrobial properties. Overall, the treatments were not effective to be used as antimicrobial finishes on plain weave cotton fabrics.

Files
  Filename       Size       Approximate Download Time (Hours:Minutes:Seconds) 
 
 28.8 Modem   56K Modem   ISDN (64 Kb)   ISDN (128 Kb)   Higher-speed Access 
  BoninAbstract.pdf 10.86 Kb 00:00:03 00:00:01 00:00:01 < 00:00:01 < 00:00:01
  BoninThesis.pdf 231.68 Kb 00:01:04 00:00:33 00:00:28 00:00:14 00:00:01

Browse All Available ETDs by ( Author | Department )

If you have questions or technical problems, please Contact LSU-ETD Support.