Title page for ETD etd-1113102-164314

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Hupp, Stephen Danial Anthony
Author's Email Address shupp@lsu.edu
URN etd-1113102-164314
Title The Development and Validation of the Parent Instruction-Giving Game with Youngsters (PIGGY) in a Head Start Population
Degree Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Mary Lou Kelley Committee Chair
Amy Copeland Committee Member
Dorothea Lerman Committee Member
John Northrup Committee Member
Diane Burts Dean's Representative
  • parents
  • children
  • observation
  • assessment
  • head start
Date of Defense 2002-10-15
Availability unrestricted
Head Start families demonstrate many of the risk factors that relate to the development of noncompliance and other behavior problems in young children, such as low income, limited education, teenage pregnancy, isolation, family stress, single parenthood, and parental psychopathology. Noncompliant preschool-aged children often continue to display difficulties through adolescence. Parent Management Training programs have been developed which can improve child compliance. However, many of the same risk factors that lead to child noncompliance also reduce the effectiveness of parenting interventions. Thus, more efficient assessment and intervention strategies need to be developed to facilitate the treatment of child behavior problems in Head Start families. This proposal attempts to validate the use of the Parent Instruction-Giving Game with Youngsters (PIGGY), a newly developed direct observation system. Using the PIGGY, parents provide standardized commands to their child (e.g., put the book on the table), and parenting skills used to gain compliance (e.g., instruction-giving, praise, discipline techniques) as well as child behavior (e.g., noncompliance) are coded on an observation form. For the first part of study, 14 “noncompliant” and 14 “compliant” children and their mothers were selected based on parent report of child behavior. For the second part of the study, two families were selected for a single-case, multiple-baseline (across behaviors) study which used the PIGGY to monitor the effectiveness of Parent Management Training.
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