Title page for ETD etd-11092010-101700


Type of Document Dissertation
Author D'Antonio-Del Rio, Julia Maria
Author's Email Address jmdd0908@gmail.com
URN etd-11092010-101700
Title Traditionalism and Temporal Variance in Predictors of Gendered Homicide, 1970-2000
Degree Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
Department Sociology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Lee, Matthew R. Committee Chair
Bankston, William Committee Member
Becker, Sarah Committee Member
Shihadeh, Edward Committee Member
Buckner, Julia Dean's Representative
Keywords
  • gender
  • homicide
  • crime
  • traditionalism
  • time
Date of Defense 2010-08-30
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
During the second half of the 20th century, changes in gender relations and equality have led to substantial shifts in many aspects of American life. As one feature of society, the relationship between social structure and crime has also changed with the shift from traditional to nontraditional views of gendered interaction. In particular, what were once thought to be invariant structural predictors of homicide may, in fact, have varying explanatory power over time; in particular, measurements of disadvantage and population structure may not equally affect men and women between 1970 and 2000.

Therefore, the present study posits a transformation in the strength of these known covariates of homicide to explain county-level rates of homicide disaggregated by gender, by gender and victim/offender relationship, and by gender and race. Using Supplementary Homicide Reports and U.S. census data from 1970 to 2000, negative binomial regression results show variance in the explanatory power of homicide predictors between 1970 and 2000. Specifically, as they are related to male and female offending, measures of resource disadvantage have a greater effect at all time points on homicides perpetrated by females; while in contrast, measures of population structure have a larger effect on male homicide offenses in 1980, 1990, and 2000. When gender and the victim/offender relationship are considered, the most notable outcome indicates that for counts of homicides perpetrated by females who did not know their victims, the effects of structural covariates of homicide drastically increase in their predictive strength between 1980 and 2000. Finally, accounting for offender’s gender and race illustrates that with homicides perpetrated by whites, regardless of gender, the association with measures of resource deprivation and population structure is significant in 1980, but nonsignificant in 1990 and 2000. In contrast, the relationship between structural predictors and homicides committed by nonwhites is consistently significant from 1980 to 2000. Conceptual and theoretical implications of the results are also proposed.

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