Type of Document Master's Thesis Author Domingue, John Earl URN etd-11092005-092833 Title A Comparative Study of the United States Marine Corps and the Imperial Japanese Army in the Central Pacific War through the Experiences of Clifton Cormier and Hiroo Onoda Degree Master of Arts in Liberal Arts (M.A.L.A.) Department Liberal Arts (Interdepartmental Program) Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Charles Shindo Committee Chair William Clark Committee Member William Demastes Committee Member Keywords
- pacific war
- hiroo onoda
- world war ii
- imperial japanese army
- central pacific war
- u.s. marines
- clifton josheph cormier
- cultural war
Date of Defense 2005-10-14 Availability unrestricted AbstractThis thesis is a biographical description of the lives of two men that fought in the Pacific War, 1941-1945. One was a member of the Third Marine Division, the other a member of the Imperial Japanese Army stationed on Lubang Island in the Philippines. They were connected by a very intense, almost Paleolithic conflict across the vastness of the Pacific Ocean.
Primary sources were drawn from the two privately published books by both. Clifton Cormier's A Postcard From Joseph (2002) and Onoda's No Surrender, My Thirty Year War (1974). In addition, Clifton Cormier graciously supplied self-written newspaper articles, private telephone conversations, and e-mail messages providing data not found in his book.
The treatment of this thesis attempts to describe the experiences of these two gentlemen as seen through their eyes. It describes how the battlefield behavior of the Japanese soldier and the United States Marine were different yet strangely similar when fought on a stage of live combat were the will to survive is paramount to the will to win. Also find brief thematic descriptions of the military cultures that spawned the two along with eye witness descriptions of two of the largest banzai attacks in the Marianas (1944) along with a short treatment of the Bougainville, Guam and Iwo Jima campaigns.
It concludes that the war itself is the real culprit as opposed to the political, racial, and social differences that existed in that era between these two armies and the cultural diversity under extreme stress that goes with it. This thesis explains how both gentlemen had no choice and did what they could to survive within the parameters allowed. Clifton Cormier rationalized that victory achieved revenge and Onoda sought isolation to circumvent the dishonor of defeat both of which brought to each the crowning glory of survival.
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