Title page for ETD etd-1107102-140122


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Domangue, Thomas James
Author's Email Address tdoman1@lsu.edu
URN etd-1107102-140122
Title The Effects of Implicit, Explicit, and Synergistic Training on Learning an Artificial Grammar
Degree Master of Arts (M.A.)
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Robert C. Mathews Committee Chair
Jason Hicks Committee Member
Katie Cherry Committee Member
Keywords
  • artificial grammar
  • learning
  • synergistic
  • explicit
  • implicit
Date of Defense 2002-08-07
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Participants were trained to generate exemplars of an artificial grammar by bubbling-in letters from exemplars (implicit training), observing a diagram of the grammar then reproducing it (explicit training), or tracing the path of exemplars through a diagram of the grammar (synergistic training). Performance was measured using a cued-generate task. It provided a template for an exemplar with two letters filled in. Participants attempted to generate exemplars that fit the template. The computer corrected the exemplar when it matched at least 70% of the letters in a valid string. Results showed that both explicit and synergistic training led to generation of better quality exemplars (closer to 100% match). However, implicit and synergistic training led to generating more exemplars good enough (at least 70% match) to fit into a wide variety of contextual cues. The author concluded that for both quality and generativity of exemplars synergistic training seemed the most beneficial.
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