Title page for ETD etd-11052004-114545


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Wiley IV, Thomas James
URN etd-11052004-114545
Title An Analysis of Cardiovascular and Respriatory Mortality as a Function of Ambient Ozone and Fine Particulate Matter in the Baton Rouge Air Quality Control Region
Degree Master of Science (M.S.)
Department Environmental Studies
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Vincent L. Wilson Committee Chair
John Pine Committee Member
Michael Wascom Committee Member
Keywords
  • respiratory
  • cardiovascular
  • mortality
  • particulate
  • Baton Rouge
  • ozone
Date of Defense 2004-11-02
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The Baton Rouge Air Quality Control Region has come under fire due to difficulties in reaching attainment of one-hour daily ozone limitations and its general perception as being a polluted place to live. Ozone is a reactive oxygen species which has been shown to result in damage to biological molecules and is detrimental to human physiology, especially in regards to cardio-respiratory structure and function. In the last decade, fine particulate matter less than 2.5 microns in mean aerodynamic diameter have been identified as a possible pollutant that is affecting public health at levels lower than the EPA’s established limits. PM2.5 has also been linked to adverse cardiovascular and respiratory health affects. The intent of this study was to examine the air quality of Baton Rouge and the surrounding five parishes and compare these concentrations to mortality cases for cardiovascular and respiratory causes of death. Poisson regression analysis found that PM2.5 had no significant effect on mortality frequency. Ozone was found to have a negative relationship; as ozone levels increased, mortality rates decreased. Multiple regression of both pollutants confirmed the results obtained individually, with no indications of synergistic or antagonistic effects.
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