Title page for ETD etd-08272009-165154


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Ward, Brian Michael
Author's Email Address bward4@tigers.lsu.edu
URN etd-08272009-165154
Title Effects of Land Use and Habitat on Stream Fish Assemblages in Tributaries of the Lower Bogue Chitto Watershed, Washington Parish, Louisiana
Degree Master of Science (M.S.)
Department Renewable Natural Resources
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Kelso, William E. Committee Chair
Kaller, Michael D. Committee Member
Rutherford, D. Allen Committee Member
Keywords
  • landscape
  • stream habitat
  • stream ecology
Date of Defense 2009-07-29
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
My research focused on how fish communities are responding to watershed land use and instream

habitat in tributaries of the Lower Bogue Chitto River. To address this question I electrofished and seined 10 sites in four tributaries of the Bogue Chitto River a total of 4 times each over the course of 15 months in 2007 and 2008. I characterized habitat by measuring water flow, water depth, substrate size, woody debris, temperature, and dissolved oxygen, and quantified heterotrophic plate counts, nutrients, and

chlorophyll a concentrations at the end of the sampling period each year. Watershed land cover was measured with 2001 USGS Land use/Land cover data, and my analysis focused on cultivated cropland and pasture land, as well as forested and herbaceous wetlands. Many of the most common fishes responded positively to differences in stream characteristics, particularly increased nitrate and agricultural development, and decreased wetlands, which are typically

characteristic of anthropogenic stream impacts. Other fishes responded to increased flow and substrate size, which appeared to characterize less disturbed stream conditions. Overall, fish diversity was negatively associated with distance from the mainstem Bogue Chitto River. These results suggest that in nutrient limited systems, some fishes respond positively to anthropogenic alterations, and that watershedbased

characteristics are more important than local habitat variables in predicting fish assemblage

composition and abundance in these streams.

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