Title page for ETD etd-07142005-144545


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Couvillon, Carrie
URN etd-07142005-144545
Title Monasticism in Anglo-Saxon England: An Analysis of Selected Hagiography from Northumbria Written in the Years after the Council of Whitby
Degree Master of Arts (M.A.)
Department History
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Maribel Dietz Committee Chair
Steven K. Ross Committee Member
Victor Louis Stater Committee Member
Keywords
  • saints' lives
  • britain
Date of Defense 2005-07-06
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Hagiography, writings about saints, was generally a means of venerating a saint's life. An author of hagiography wrote to advance his own salvation as well as to educate his audience on the proper practice of Christianity. Anglo-Saxon hagiography written in the years after the Council of Whitby in 664, however, also showed more support for the Roman tradition as opposed to Celtic Christianity. In an era when Christians in England were divided both culturally and religiously, unification under a single tradition as the one true representative of the faith was essential. This paper is an analysis of four important hagiographical works from the late-seventh and early-eighth centuries; the Lives of Abbots of Wearmouth and Jarrow by Bede, the Anonymous Life of Ceolfrith, the Life of Wilfrid by Eddius Stephanus, and the Life of Cuthbert by Bede. The hagiography covers this transitional period in Anglo-Saxon England when most of the Celtic monks in and around the kingdom of Northumbria resisted the switch to Roman monasticism. The Lives written about Benedict Biscop, Ceolfrith, Wilfrid and Cuthbert reveal how the transition began and progressed in the years after the synod.
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