Type of Document Master's Thesis Author Wade, Dylan Armstrong Author's Email Address email@example.com URN etd-07112008-025037 Title The Mathematical in Heidegger and Badiou Degree Master of Arts (M.A.) Department Philosophy & Religious Studies Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Francois Raffoul Committee Chair Greg Schufreider Committee Member John Protevi Committee Member Keywords
Date of Defense 2007-03-28 Availability unrestricted AbstractIn this thesis I am tracing the historical development of subjectivity from its skeptical
foundation in Descartes to Alain Badiouís subject as fidelity to truth. Drawing from Martin
Heideggerís What is a Thing?, this history begins with the turn from an Aristotelian to a
Newtonian apprehension of motion, turning towards an a priori mathematical projection of
spatial uniformity, such that there are no longer different places Ė only quantifiable distance. It
is on the basis of this turning away from tradition, or ordinary experience of different
phenomena, that Descartes posits the self-certain I-pole.
Heidegger criticizes modernity, defined as the merging of the metaphysical and the
mathematical, for apprehending the relationship between man and world in only one way, as
things. I hope show that this development does not derive from the mathematical alone, but from
the project of objects against an objective background secured in an I-pole, further advanced by
Kantís transcendental reflection of the thing-in-itself over this project. I do this by following
Alain Badiouís assessment of Zermelo-Fraenkelís axiomatic set theory, a particular
mathematical model that self-destructs, meaning it cannot become absolute or dogmatic.
With this thesis I hope to contribute to the scholarship of facticity, the existential thinking
that begins with doubt. If we can dissociate in our ordinary language claims that utilize
transcendental reasoning from claims concerning mathematical projection based on speculation
alone, perhaps we might find some basis to make existential claims independent of perspective,
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