Title page for ETD etd-07092010-110611


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Howard, Joshua Boyd
URN etd-07092010-110611
Title Extraversion and Oral Proficiency in ESL
Degree Master of Arts (M.A.)
Department Linguistics (Interdepartmental Program)
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
McDonald, Janet Committee Chair
King, Jeremy Committee Member
Thoms, Joshua Committee Member
Keywords
  • length of stay
  • personality
  • second language acquisition
  • communicative strategies
  • motivation
Date of Defense 2010-06-16
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Extraversion has been proposed as an influence on the success of a second language learner, although studies in this area have produced mixed results (Dewaele & Furnham, 1999; Marin-Marin, 2005; Wakamoto, 2007). Through a narrative retell task, the current study investigated the effects of extraversion on the spoken English performance of 25 native speakers of Spanish. Extraversion was measured with a Spanish version of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire or EPQ (1975). Narratives were elicited using the wordless picture story Frog, Where Are You? (Mayer, 1969). Drawing on the work of Dewaele (1998), Dewaele and Pavlenko (2002), and Oya, Manalo, and Greenwood (2004), the researcher analyzed the narratives in terms of complexity, verbal accuracy, clausal accuracy, and emotion word quantity. Native speakers of English rated each narrative on a holistic global impression scale. Extraversion was found to correlate negatively with verbal accuracy (r = -.438, p < .028). However, the sample tested at an unusually high level of extraversion (M = 17.12, SD = 3.72). Only one subjectís extraversion score was lower than eleven. When this outlier was removed, all correlations between extraversion and the variables involved proved to be non-significant.
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