Title page for ETD etd-07092007-154123


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Pell, Angela Bordelon
Author's Email Address aborde8@lsu.edu
URN etd-07092007-154123
Title Evolution of an Allochthonous Salt System, Southern Mars-Ursa Basin, Northern Gulf of Mexico
Degree Master of Science (M.S.)
Department Geology & Geophysics
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Jeffery Nunn Committee Chair
Brian Darby Committee Member
Stephen Sears Committee Member
Keywords
  • salt tectonics
  • salt system
  • northern Gulf of Mexico stratigraphic framework
  • tectonostratigraphic packages
Date of Defense 2007-05-10
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This study examines the evolution of an allochthonous salt system in the southern Mars-Ursa basin. A seismic stratigraphic framework and biostratigraphic markers provided constraints on basin development and sediment accumulation from late Miocene to middle Pliocene time. External geometries of tectonostratigraphic packages are identified in the study area and are combined with analyses of brittle deformation to track salt evacuation in the study area. External geometries identified in the study include: wedge, layer and trough. Fifty-nine faults were mapped in basin and suprasalt strata and five phases of brittle deformation were identified. Eight evolutionary stages were identified for the time range of the study. The minibasin has previously been classified as part of a counterregional salt system. This study indicates that the minibasin has experienced phases of stepped counterregional development, quiescence and a phase of roho-style development. However, the end-member salt system models do not accurately account for all phases of salt evacuation around the minibasin. Results indicate that salt has evacuated in multiple directions through time with a dominate phase of westward-directed salt evacuation. The salt system around the Mars-Ursa basin should be modeled in three dimensions. The basin is currently undergoing tectonic activity as the Champlain Salt undergoes reactive diapirism.
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