Title page for ETD etd-07092006-125400


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Seo, Seung-wook
Author's Email Address sseo1@lsu.edu
URN etd-07092006-125400
Title Depolymerization and Decolorization of Chitosan by Ozone Treatment
Degree Master of Science (M.S.)
Department Food Science
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Joan M. King Committee Chair
Marlene E. Janes Committee Member
Witoon Prinyawiwatkul Committee Member
Keywords
  • ozone
  • depolymerization
  • decolorization
  • chitosan
Date of Defense 2006-06-22
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Currently, depolymerization and decolorization of chitosan are achieved by chemical or enzymatic methods which are time consuming and expensive. Ozone has been shown to be able to degrade macromolecules and remove pigments due to its high oxidation potential. In this study, the effects of ozone treatment on depolymerization and decolorization of chitosan were investigated. Crawfish chitosan was ozonated in water and acetic acid solution for 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 minutes at room temperature with 12wt% gas. For the determination of viscosity–average Molecular weight of chitosan, an ubbelohde viscometer was used to measure the intrinsic viscosity, and the Mark-Houwink equation was used to calculate molecular weight. Color of ozone-treated chitosan was analyzed using a Minolta spectrophotometer. The degree of deacetylation was determined by a colloid titration method. Molecular weight of ozone-treated chitosan in acetic acid solution decreased appreciably as the ozone treatment time increased. Ozonation for 20 minutes reduced the molecular weight of the chitosan by 92% (104 KDa) compared to the untreated chitosan (1333 KDa) with a decrease in viscosity of the chitosan solution. Ozonation for 5 min markedly increased the whiteness of chitosan; however, further ozonation resulted in development of yellowness. In case of the ozonation in water, there were no significant differences of the molecular weight and color between ozone-treated chitosans. However, results showed that ozone treatment of chitosan in both water and acetic acid solution was not effective in removing acetyl groups (deacetylation) in chitosan molecules. This study showed that ozone can be used to modify molecular weight and remove pigments of chitosan without chemical use in a shorter time with less cost.
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