Title page for ETD etd-07082005-102907


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Hufnagl, Kevin Benjamin
Author's Email Address khufna1@lsu.edu,gyrosscope@yahoo.com
URN etd-07082005-102907
Title An Investigation of Time Since Injury: A Radiographic Study of Fracture Healing
Degree Master of Arts (M.A.)
Department Geography & Anthropology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Mary Manhein Committee Chair
Helen Regis Committee Member
Pamela Parra Committee Member
Robert Tague Committee Member
Keywords
  • x-ray
  • post-trauma interval
  • bone repair
  • radiograph
Date of Defense 2005-06-16
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Working at the junction of medicine and physical anthropology, this research investigates the rate of fracture healing. The ability to assign ages to fractures based on the degree of remodeling could be a valuable tool for identifying skeletal remains. This ability could differentiate between individuals with similar fractures and could also narrow the search of medical records for matches. Multiple radiographic images from 62 individuals were collected from the Baton Rouge Orthopaedic Clinic, including information on sex, ancestry, age of the individual, and age of the fracture. Breaks in the x-rays are categorized into one of six stages, defined on the basis of observable characteristics in radiographs. Variables of age, sex, ancestry, and type of fixation (ie, internal or external) are tested against the stage of the fracture and the time since the initial diagnosis of the fracture. Univariate analysis of variance shows that age is the only variable investigated in this study that repeatedly shows a significant correlation to the age of a particular fracture. Further research is needed to draw concrete conclusions and develop acceptable ranges for dating fractures.
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