Title page for ETD etd-07062009-130610


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Hearn, Ryan Anthony
Author's Email Address rhearn1@tigers.lsu.edu
URN etd-07062009-130610
Title Gas Transfer in Air-lifts Used to Recirculate Aquaculture Systems
Degree Master of Science in Civil Engineering (M.S.C.E.)
Department Civil & Environmental Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Malone, Ronald Committee Chair
Theegala, Chandra Committee Member
Willson, Clinton Committee Member
Keywords
  • air-lift
  • recirculating aquaculture system
  • aeration
  • degasification
  • gas transfer
Date of Defense 2009-06-26
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The following studies were conducted to determine hydraulic, aeration, and degasification characteristics associated with various air-lift pumps. The first study presented data on a 20.3 cm air-lift used to support adult Yellowtail broodstock (Seriola lalandi) in an oligotrophic warmwater marine RAS (recirculating aquaculture system). Empirical relationships were used to estimate actual oxygen and carbon dioxide mass transfer rates (AOTR & ACTR) as the inlet oxygen or carbon dioxide concentrations were perturbed under lift heights of 30.5, 38.1, and 45.7 cm. Transfer rates, kg of constituent per day, were found to be dependent on air injection depth and volume, aqueous gas concentrations, and lift height. Liquid flows ranged from 623 1,117 l min-1 for corresponding air injections of 850 1,415 l min-1. Certain extremities show the tested air-lift capable of providing 3.13 kg O2 day-1 while concurrently stripping 28.32 kg CO2 day-1.

The second study examined standard oxygen and carbon dioxide transfer rates (SOTR & SCTR) for 10.2, 15.2, and 20.3 cm SUTA (siphoning u-tube air-lift) pumps in low-head, freshwater recirculation systems. Results varied as pipe diameter, gas to liquid ratios, and lift to submergence ratios varied; with transfer rates increasing with pipe diameter and air injection volume. SOTR values ranged from 0.0594 kg O2 hr-1 to 0.2073 kg O2 hr-1 while SCTR varied between 0.0013 to 0.0061 kg CO2 hr-1. All configurations were capable of stripping CO2 less than 20 mg l-1 while targeting DO levels of 5 mg l-1.

Steady state analysis shows that 20.3 cm air-lifts can meet O2 consumption and CO2 production rates of broodstock, fingerling, and growout categories in warmwater marine environments. As feed rate varied from 4 to 17 kg feed day-1, oxygen and carbon dioxide levels were sufficiently maintained for broodstock and fingerlings, with supplemental air recommended for growout conditions.

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