Title page for ETD etd-06182009-120305


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Smith, Kimberly Robin Michelle
Author's Email Address kimberlysmith15@gmail.com
URN etd-06182009-120305
Title The Assessment of and Differences among Intellectually Disabled Adults with Comorbid Autism Spectrum Disorders and Epilepsy
Degree Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Johnny L. Matson Committee Chair
Emily M. Elliott Committee Member
Thompson E. Davis, III Committee Member
Wm. Drew Gouvier Committee Member
John R. Battista Dean's Representative
Keywords
  • social skills
  • behavior problems
  • psychopathology
  • epilepsy
  • autism
  • intellectual disability
Date of Defense 2009-05-04
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The goal of this study was to systematically examine group differences among those with intellectual disabilities (ID) and comorbid Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and epilepsy in an adult population through a detailed exploration of the characteristics that these disorders present in the areas of psychopathology, behavior problems, and impaired social behavior. Previous studies indicating that individuals with ID have comorbid ASD and neurological conditions tend to stop short of addressing these disorders’ impact on the full range of psychosocial issues, particularly in adult samples. Assessments of psychopathology, behavior problems, and impaired social behavior were made with the ASD-Comorbidity-Adult Version and ASD-Behavior Problems-Adult Version batteries and the Matson Evaluation of Social Skills for Individuals with Severe Retardation. One hundred participants with ID were matched and compared across four equal groups comprising 25 participants with ID, 25 participants with epilepsy, 25 participants with ASD, and 25 participants with combined ASD and epilepsy. When controlling for age, gender, race, level of ID, and hearing and visual impairments, significant differences were found for psychopathology (p < .05), behavior problems (p < .05), and social skills (p < .01). A direct discriminant function analysis was also conducted to determine whether certain subscales could predict group membership. Overall, 63% of the participants in the sample could be reliably distinguished between groups on these measures. These data conclusively demonstrated that individuals with ID expressing combined comorbid ASD and epilepsy were significantly more impaired than the control group (ID only) or groups containing only a single comorbid factor with ID (ASD or epilepsy only) on measures of psychopathology, behavior problems, and social skills. Implications of these findings elucidate the nature of these disorders and their influence on patient care and management.
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