Title page for ETD etd-06132006-125156


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Pedro, Stephanie
Author's Email Address spedro1@lsu.edu
URN etd-06132006-125156
Title Delineating Hurricane Vulnerable Populations in Orleans Parish, Louisiana
Degree Master of Science in Engineering Science (M.S.E.S.)
Department Environmental Studies
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
John Pine Committee Co-Chair
Paul Templet Committee Co-Chair
Brian Marx Committee Member
Hassan Mashriqui Committee Member
Keywords
  • vulnerability index
  • hazard
  • GIS
  • risk
Date of Defense 2006-05-05
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Since settlement first began, equality issues between different social classes have

been evident in the location of where residents settled in New Orleans. This research

seeks to answer the question: What socioeconomic indicators are prevalent in the areas

most-at-risk to flooding which could inhabit populations least able to evacuate?

I will use Census 2000 block group data from the socioeconomic sample data

(SF3) collected in 2000, along with other economic and GIS data from the New Orleans

region to statistically represent the distribution of risk by selecting indicators predicted to

be in flood zones from a classification tree analysis. Then, the results are shown in a

spatial manner to identify the location of the most vulnerable people to a hurricane based

on a set of indicators. The ADvanced CIRCulation Model (ADCIRC) hurricane storm

surge modeling (1) Hurricane Pam and (2) Hurricane Pamó85 percent strength, two

hurricane disaster exercises, hurricane probability estimates, and resampled LIDAR

elevation data will be used as the base maps to characterize the areas that will flood first

during a hurricane. The overlaying of the physical and social layers will identify the

most socioeconomically vulnerable people in the first-to-flood areas to show where

evacuation planning is essential. Recommendations for successfully evacuating residents

are then discussed.

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