Type of Document Dissertation Author White, Robin Anita Author's Email Address email@example.com URN etd-06092004-172114 Title 19th and 20th Century French Exoticism: Pierre Loti, Louis-Ferdinand Celine, Michel Leiris, and Simone Schwarz-Bart Degree Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) Department French Studies Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Nathaniel Wing Committee Chair Helen Regis Committee Member Jack Yeager Committee Member Kate Jensen Committee Member Pius Ngandu Committee Member Kevin Risk Dean's Representative Keywords
- postcolonial French literature
- colonial French literature
- Louis-Ferdinand Celine
- postcoloial theory
- Victor Segalen
- Edouard Glissant
- Pierre Loti
- Michel Leiris
- Simone Schwarz-Bart
Date of Defense 2004-05-07 Availability unrestricted AbstractThis study of four 19th and 20th century colonial texts, as well as a later
postcolonial novel exposes the cadres exotiques, or exotic frameworks, of literary
exoticism. The thesis names and interprets the moods of and reactions to exoticism,
including colonial exoticism, antiexoticism, and autoexoticism. Poetic and theoretical
interpretations of exoticism, such as Victor Segalen’s Notion du Divers and Edouard
Glissant’s Opacité and Poétique de la Relation challenge the prevalent assumptions that
the literary practice was only an unfortunate byproduct of colonialism.
The first chapter presents literary history and theoretical considerations relating
to exoticism: Orientalism, nostalgia, colonial literary history, and a critical literature
review. Chapter II explores Le Roman d’un spahi (1881) and Les Trois dames de la
Kasbah (1882) by Pierre Loti, two texts dating from France’s high colonial period of the
late 19th century. Chapter III studies works and contexts of the 1930s—Louis-Ferdinand
Céline’s Voyage au bout de la nuit (1932) and Michel Leiris’s L’Afrique fantôme (1934).
These modernist texts appeared with the decline of colonial exoticism’s popularity.
conclude with an analysis of Simone Schwarz-Bart’s Pluie et vent sur Télumée Miracle
(1973), a postcolonial novel about the life of a Creole woman in the former French
colony of Guadeloupe.
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