Title page for ETD etd-06052012-142835


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Haley, Paul
URN etd-06052012-142835
Title Effect of Electrical Vehicles on Residential Distribution Systems
Degree Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (M.S.E.E.)
Department Electrical & Computer Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Czarnecki, Leszeck Committee Chair
Mehraeen, Shahab Committee Member
Mendrela, Ernest Committee Member
Keywords
  • energy efficiency
  • electric car
  • harmonic distortion
Date of Defense 2012-05-07
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This thesis focuses on the present state of electrical vehicles (EVs) in the market and the effects that these vehicles could have on residential distribution systems. The current EVs available on the market and the current level of market penetration were investigated. Advantages and disadvantages of EVs from a consumer and governmental perspective were identified. The efficiencies of the whole energy delivery process of electrical vehicles and gasoline vehicles were estimated. Efficiency estimation was used to estimate the impact of EVs on the consumption of fossil fuels and emission of greenhouse gases.

Measurement of an EV battery charging cycle and modeling of a residential power system with EV battery charger loads was performed. A computer model was programmed in Matlab to perform harmonic analysis using data from a real residential system. Using this computer model a worst case study was performed, and the level of EV penetration in the system required to cause excessive harmonic distortion was obtained.

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