Title page for ETD etd-05272009-222440


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Rhodes, Jami
URN etd-05272009-222440
Title A Performer's Guide to Oskar Morawetz' From the Diary of Anne Frank
Degree Doctor of Musical Arts (D.M.A.)
Department Music
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Lori Bade Committee Chair
Loraine Sims Committee Co-Chair
Patricia O'Neill Committee Member
Robert Grayson Committee Member
Kevin Cope Dean's Representative
Keywords
  • Lois Marshal
  • Mezzo-soprano
  • Lies Goosens
  • Hannah Goslar
  • Anne Frank
  • Holocaust
  • Oskar Morawetz
  • From the Diary of Anne Frank
Date of Defense 2009-04-29
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The primary purpose of this document is to provide a comprehensive performer’s guide to Oskar Morawetz’ From the Diary of Anne Frank.

Born in Czechoslovakia in 1914, Jewish composer Oskar Morawetz fled Europe and Hitler’s advancing forces shortly before the start of World War II. He arrived in Canada in 1940 where he established himself as a leading composer. In order to avoid revisiting the associated pain of past tragedy, Morawetz did not read the diary of holocaust victim, Anne Frank until 1967. When he did, he was deeply moved and knew immediately he would set a portion of it to music. In pursuing copyright permission for the text, Morawetz began a correspondence with Anne Frank’s father, Otto, which led to a friendship that lasted until Frank’s death in 1980.

From the Diary of Anne Frank is written for soprano or mezzo-soprano and orchestra. The text is taken from an entry Anne Frank made in her diary in 1943. In the entry, Anne writes about a dream regarding a school friend, Lies Goosens, who was taken to a concentration camp. In her dream, Anne has seen horrible images and expresses tremendous guilt at her own security when so many of her friends are suffering terrible fates. Morawetz set the moving text in a 19-minute composition that premiered in 1970 and has been performed by many prominent musicians in at least five different countries.

This document consists of three chapters. They include biographies of both Oskar Morawetz and Anne Frank, as well as a brief history of Anne Frank’s friendship with Hannah Goslar (Lies Goosens), and a brief history of Anne Frank’s diary. The document also traces the history of From the Diary of Anne Frank, and includes both musical and dramatic analyses of the work. Musical examples and several appendices are included as supplemental aid.

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