Title page for ETD etd-0526103-104932

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Fofana, Souleymane
Author's Email Address sfofan1@lsu.edu
URN etd-0526103-104932
Title L'Engagement dans la Litterature Africaine: Etude du Mythe Poetique: Maieto Pour Zekia de Joachim Bohui Dali ou la Violence comme Symbole de l'Amour
Degree Master of Arts (M.A.)
Department French and Italian
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Ngandu N. Pius Committee Chair
Adelaide Russo Committee Member
Nathaniel Wing Committee Member
  • vitriol
  • assainissement
  • prelude
  • viol
  • corps
  • affrontement
  • ideologie
Date of Defense 2003-04-04
Availability unrestricted
My thesis deals with : ««Engagement» in African Literature : the study of the Poetic Myth: Maďéto Pour Zékia by Joachim Bohui Dali or the Violence as the Symbol for Love». According to the myth of Maďé, at the beginning of the world, men and women lived in different areas and the two communities did not have any physical let alone sexual contact. After a significant war between these two groups, the women were defeated and therefore forced the men to marry. In short, the myth of Maďé explains how men and women met.

Bohui Dali, in his book has inverted the myth of Maďé. The new war, according to him, is no longer between men and women. The war in the poem of Bohui Dali is the one that opposes Good to Evil. There are two main reasons for my choice of this topic:

First of all, Maďéto Pour Zékia is the first literary work to have dealt with the mythic origin of marriage and polygamy in Ivorian society. In addition, Maďéto Pour Zékia allows us to understand the suffering of women in Africa and why they are always considered to be «inferior» to men. Then, Maďéto Pour Zékia presents issues for a possible approach to teaching of African oral literature in universities and other academic institutions.

First, I will begin my study by situating the space of diffusion of the myth of Maďé in a comparative context and by defining the term of myth and explaining its importance in African culture.

Finally, I will concentrate on the study of the poetic myth of Maďéto Pour Zékia. I will insist on some aspects such as the place of women in the rebirth of African culture, the question of violence, and the theory of «Engagement» in African literature.

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