Title page for ETD etd-04272011-153235


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Kumar, Vipan
Author's Email Address vkumar4@tigers.lsu.edu
URN etd-04272011-153235
Title Stage Specific Cotton Water Use Crop Coefficients in Northeast Louisiana
Degree Master of Science (M.S.)
Department Agronomy & Environmental Management
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Labonte, Don R. Committee Co-Chair
Miller, Donnie K. Committee Co-Chair
Clawson, Ernest L. Committee Member
Rohli, Robert V. Committee Member
Sheffield, Ron Committee Member
Tubana, Brenda Committee Member
Udeigwe, Theophilus K. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Crop Coefficients
  • Crop evapotranspiration
  • Reference evapotranspiration
  • Weighing Lysimeters
  • Cotton
Date of Defense 2011-04-08
Availability unrestricted
Abstract

Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is an important commercial crop in the northeastern part of Louisiana. Research-based information for irrigation scheduling in cotton is lacking in this region. A two-step reference evapotranspiration (ETo) - cotton crop coefficient (Kc) approach is considered a standard method of crop water use (ETc) estimation. Therefore, a study was conducted to determine stage-specific cotton water use crop coefficients (Kc), a ratio of ETc to ETo at the LSU AgCenter Northeast Research Station in 2010. For ETc estimation, paired weighing lysimeters were used. Cotton variety ‘Stoneville 5458 B2RF’ was planted on weighing lysimeters by hands and surrounding field using a vacuum planter under similar growing conditions typical of the region on May 12. Cotton plants on lysimeters and surrounding field were irrigated throughout the season. Other crop management practices were carried out following the LSU AgCenter recommendations. To estimate ETo, an area of 102 m by 102 m seeded with Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon L.) was demarcated and a tower 10 m in height instrumented with weather sensors was installed in the center of demarcated area in July 2009. Daily measurements of maximum and minimum air temperature, minimum and maximum RH, wind speed, and total solar radiation were obtained and ETo was estimated using the Standardized Reference Evapotranspiration Equation (SREE) of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE).An average Kc value of 0.42 for initial growth stage (0 to 25 days after planting), 0.89 for developmental (26 to 60 days after planting) and 1.41 for mid-season (61 to 132 days after planting) were observed. With the development of these Kc values, a simple internet based tool can be designed to help producers conduct a more efficient irrigation scheduling which will subsequently improve water use efficiency in this region.

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