Title page for ETD etd-04202011-224416


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Elliott, Erin T.
URN etd-04202011-224416
Title Soft Sediment Relay Zones: A High Resolution Seismic Survey Livingston Parish, Louisiana
Degree Master of Science (M.S.)
Department Geology & Geophysics
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Lorenzo, Juan Committee Chair
Bart, Philip Committee Member
Nunn, Jeffrey Committee Member
Keywords
  • Baton Rouge Fault
  • Baton Rouge-Tepetate Fault System
  • growth fault
  • listric normal fault
  • Livingston Parish
  • relay ramp
  • Seismic Unix
Date of Defense 2011-02-21
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The southern coast of the United States, bordering the Gulf of Mexico, is home to several down-to-the-south, listric, normal fault systems striking parallel to the coast. One of these, the Baton Rouge–Tepetate Fault System located in southern Louisiana, consists of a series of near-surface, reactivated growth faults and relay ramps– a broad area of ductile strain, with contemporaneous sedimentation. Evidence of recent fault and relay ramp movement is seen in surficial fault line scarps and offset roads. This thesis utilizes two near-surface (<500 m), high-resolution (10 - 300 Hz), continuous seismic reflection profiles (360 m and 480 m long, 3 m geophone spacing; 24-channel) previously collected across a growth fault and a portion of a possible relay ramp in Livingston Parish, Louisiana to study this soft sediment system. The seismic source is a down-hole Betsy seisgun and source-to-receiver offsets range from 4 to 73 meters. One seismic line, seismic line LSU 4 (480 m) crosses near the tip of the fault at a point where there is no noticeable vertical offset. Seismic line LSU 1 (360 m) crosses the fault where a surficial scarp shows an offset of 1.5 m. The two seismic profiles are processed and analyzed for broken, offset reflectors indicating fault movement. This analysis, combined with well log data and gravity surveys across the fault and in the relay ramp area has shown that: (1) the near surface consists of numerous small faults distributed over a distance of ~40 m (2) fault movement is ~40 m since the early Pleistocene (3) a previously interpreted gravity high coincides with the faulted region (4) the characteristics of the imaged region are consistent with those of a relay ramp.
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