Type of Document Master's Thesis Author Fuchs, Tim K. Author's Email Address firstname.lastname@example.org URN etd-0418102-090832 Title The Tardieu Moment: Andre Tardieu's Failure as Prime Minister of France, 1929-1930 Degree Master of Arts (M.A.) Department History Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Benjamin F. Martin Committee Chair David F. Lindenfeld Committee Member Suzanne L. Marchand Committee Member Keywords
- third republic
- national retooling
Date of Defense 2002-03-26 Availability unrestricted AbstractThis thesis is concerned with André Tardieu, a French politician who had an outstanding career as a journalist and a politician. After the retirement of Prime Minister Raymond Poincaré in 1929, it seemed like Tardieu would be the natural choice as his successor. He was the only leader on the Right. Tardieu formed his first cabinet in November 1929 and proposed an ambitious program for public works projects to improve the country’s infrastructure. Despite solid funding, Tardieu’s proposal never passed the Chamber of Deputies and his ministry fell in December 1930.
The purpose of this thesis is to find the reasons for Tardieu’s failure as head of government. It has usually been argued that Tardieu was either a reactionary who could never get the support of the Left or that he became a victim of the institutions of the Third Republic. These viewpoints are not satisfactory. The third and fourth chapter of this work demonstrate that Tardieu did have a majority in the Chamber and that his fall can be attributed to his personality and his behavior during the earlier years of his political career, during which he made many enemies.
In order to prove this point, the voting patterns of the deputies are closely examined in a table, which includes votes of confidence after ministerial declarations as well as votes relating to Tardieu’s ambitious economic program. The necessity of such a program was universally accepted and is illustrated through the assessment of the economic situation after the First World War in chapter 2.
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