Title page for ETD etd-0418102-090832

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Fuchs, Tim K.
Author's Email Address tfuchs1@lsu.edu
URN etd-0418102-090832
Title The Tardieu Moment: Andre Tardieu's Failure as Prime Minister of France, 1929-1930
Degree Master of Arts (M.A.)
Department History
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Benjamin F. Martin Committee Chair
David F. Lindenfeld Committee Member
Suzanne L. Marchand Committee Member
  • third republic
  • tardieu
  • national retooling
  • france
  • politics
Date of Defense 2002-03-26
Availability unrestricted
This thesis is concerned with André Tardieu, a French politician who had an outstanding career as a journalist and a politician. After the retirement of Prime Minister Raymond Poincaré in 1929, it seemed like Tardieu would be the natural choice as his successor. He was the only leader on the Right. Tardieu formed his first cabinet in November 1929 and proposed an ambitious program for public works projects to improve the country’s infrastructure. Despite solid funding, Tardieu’s proposal never passed the Chamber of Deputies and his ministry fell in December 1930.

The purpose of this thesis is to find the reasons for Tardieu’s failure as head of government. It has usually been argued that Tardieu was either a reactionary who could never get the support of the Left or that he became a victim of the institutions of the Third Republic. These viewpoints are not satisfactory. The third and fourth chapter of this work demonstrate that Tardieu did have a majority in the Chamber and that his fall can be attributed to his personality and his behavior during the earlier years of his political career, during which he made many enemies.

In order to prove this point, the voting patterns of the deputies are closely examined in a table, which includes votes of confidence after ministerial declarations as well as votes relating to Tardieu’s ambitious economic program. The necessity of such a program was universally accepted and is illustrated through the assessment of the economic situation after the First World War in chapter 2.

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