Type of Document Dissertation Author Robison, Samuel Berwyn Author's Email Address email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org URN etd-04172010-175506 Title Experiential Learning of U. S. Presidents in the Foreign Policy Decision-Making Context Degree Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) Department Political Science Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Schafer, Mark Committee Chair Garand, James C. Committee Member Ray, Leonard Paul Committee Member Sobek, David A. Committee Member Veldman, Meredith Dean's Representative Keywords
- political psychology
- foreign policy analysis
Date of Defense 2010-03-03 Availability unrestricted AbstractThis dissertation examines U.S. presidential learning—defined as a change in presidential operational code beliefs due to their experiences in office—in the foreign policy decision-making context. These beliefs are teased out from presidents’ representations of power relationships via verb usage in their speeches. A database of more than 4,000 foreign policy-related speeches obtained by the author was employed for this project, and with this data, I examine several potential dynamics of and influences on learning.
I look at trends in belief change over time, and examine the relative stability and interconnectedness of “core” versus “peripheral” beliefs. I then test the influence of factors in both the domestic and foreign realms and in various “policy domains” on monthly belief change.
Additionally, I examine the impact of crises on belief change in both the short- and longer-terms. I follow this by an analysis of pre-existing beliefs and crisis-related factors as influences on belief change following crises. Finally, I look at the impact of belief change on policy behavior itself. Based upon the accumulation of evidence provided here, presidents do not appear to behave as “smooth transmission belts” between the political environment, belief change, and subsequent policy behavior as anticipated by structural realists.
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