Title page for ETD etd-04172009-120423


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Post, James William
Author's Email Address jpost1@tigers.lsu.edu
URN etd-04172009-120423
Title Aerodynamic and Heat Transfer Studies in a Combustor-Fired, Fixed-Vane Cascade with Film Cooling
Degree Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (M.S.M.E.)
Department Mechanical Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Sumanta Acharya Committee Chair
Dimitris Nikitopoulous Committee Member
Keith Gonthier Committee Member
Keywords
  • Heat Transfer
  • Vane Cascade
  • Film Cooling
  • Aerodynamics
Date of Defense 2009-04-16
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Pressure and heat transfer data has been generated in a high-pressure, high-temperature vane cascade. This cascade differs from many others seen in typical low-pressure facilities using room temperature air. Primarily, a natural gas-fired combustor generates realistic turbulence profiles in the high-temperature exhaust gases that pass through the vane cascade. The fixed-vane cascade test sections have film cooling holes machined into the surfaces in arrangements that closely model configurations seen in real-life first-row nozzle guide vanes (NGV). Theoretical coolant jet-to-crossflow blowing ratios (M) range from 0.5 to 3.0. Coolant jet-to-crossflow theoretical density ratios (DR) used for typical tests vary between 1.0 and 2.5. A strong relationship has been observed between blowing ratio and density ratio. Mostly due to increased mass associated with the addition of combustion gases, pressure data for heated crossflows shows slight decreases in crossflow-to-surface pressure ratios (PR) when compared to non-heated data. Heat transfer data consists of normalized metal temperatures (NMT) and heat transfer coefficients (HTC). All sets of NMT and HTC data at different crossflow-to-coolant temperature ratios (TR) show general increases with rising blowing ratio. Temperature ratios can be altered with the combustorís integrated fuel control system. NMT data typically indicates better coolant performance for lower temperature ratios. Averaged overall endwall NMT values go through regions dependent on blowing ratio where varying the temperature ratio gives best performance. Higher blowing ratios cause lower NMT generally due to reduced coolant coverage along the vane suction surface (SS). HTC data reflects similar trends as the NMT data. At low blowing ratios, high HTC values near the passage throat on the endwall signify defined flow acceleration toward the throat. Higher HTCs evolve on the endwall in the region upstream of the throat with increases in coolant associated with higher blowing ratios. Vane HTC data shows best performance near the leading edge of the midspan plane where many film cooling holes have been located.
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