Title page for ETD etd-0415102-213609


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Ginn, Herbert L.
Author's Email Address hginn@ee.lsu.edu
URN etd-0415102-213609
Title Improvement of Resonant Harmonic Filter Effectiveness in the Presence of Distribution Voltage Distortion
Degree Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
Department Electrical and Computer Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Leszek S. Czarnecki Committee Chair
Ernest Mendrela Committee Member
Jorge L. Aravena Committee Member
Kemin Zhou Committee Member
S. S. Iyengar Committee Member
William Adkins Dean's Representative
Keywords
  • harmonic filters
  • harmonic distortion
  • power system harmonics
  • power quality
Date of Defense 2002-04-11
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Resonant harmonic filters (RHFs), are the most common devices installed in distribution systems for reducing distortion caused by harmonic generating loads. When such filters are applied in systems with a distorted distribution voltage their effectiveness may decline drastically. This dissertation explores the causes of degradation of RHFs effectiveness and suggests methods of their improvement both by optimization algorithms and by modification of the filter structure.

An optimization based design method is developed for the conventional RHF. It takes into consideration the interaction of the filter with the distribution system and provides a filter which gives the maximum effectiveness with respect to harmonic suppression. The results for the optimized filters, applied in some typical cases, are given, and the limits of effectiveness for a common application are explored. For cases where the conventional RHF cannot be applied due to low effectiveness, a resonant harmonic suppressor, referred to as a RHF with line inductor, is investigated. It is formed by the addition of a line inductor to a conventional RHF, and it has a higher effectiveness in the presence distribution voltage distortion. A similar method of optimization based design is developed and evaluated for the RHF with line inductor as for the conventional RHF. Also, the limits of its effectiveness are explored.

One major disadvantage of the RHF with line inductor is the load voltage reduction due to the additional impedance between the distribution system and load. For loads with variable reactive power, the voltage drop across the line inductor may reach an unacceptable level. Also, the fluctuation of the load voltage could increase. In order to reduce these effects, an adaptive capability with respect to load reactive power compensation is added to the filter. Such a filter, referred to as a semi-adaptive RHF, is obtained when a RHF is combined with a thyristor switched inductor (TSI). The addition of the TSI also increases flexibility in the design of the filter with respect to the line inductor’s value. Design aspects of the semi-adaptive RHF are explored and simulation results are presented.

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