Title page for ETD etd-04142005-104058


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Wrzenski, Rhonda
Author's Email Address rwrzen1@lsu.edu
URN etd-04142005-104058
Title Testing Democracy: The Case of the 17th Amendment and Constituency Representation
Degree Master of Arts (M.A.)
Department Political Science
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
James C. Garand Committee Chair
Leonard Ray Committee Member
Robert Hogan Committee Member
Keywords
  • representation
  • 17th amendment
Date of Defense 2005-04-05
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This paper examines a unique aspect of Congressional history centering on the passage of the 17th amendment in 1913, which shifted the power of U.S. Senate elections from the state legislature to state electorates. This paper examines how the passage of the amendment affected the relationship between characteristics of the state electorate and the roll call behavior of U.S. Senators. Due to the historical nature of the time period, I use Presidential election results by state, party control of the governorship and upper and lower chambers of the state legislature, as well as a number of demographic variables, to estimate each stateís mass ideology. Poole and Rosenthalís D-NOMINATE scores are also used to determine the liberal-conservative positions of members during this time period. Regression and pooled cross-sectional time-series models are utilized to test the hypotheses. I find that legislators, after the passage of the 17th amendment, become more apt to take the policy views of their constituents into account when voting. I also find evidence that Senators are more conservative in states where conservative elites are strongly agitating for the amendment.
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