Title page for ETD etd-0407103-185546


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Marcus, Rebecca
Author's Email Address rmarcu1@lsu.edu
URN etd-0407103-185546
Title Comparative Analysis of State Environmental Enforcement in Region Six of the United States
Degree Master of Science (M.S.)
Department Environmental Studies
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Michael Wascom Committee Chair
Margaret Reams Committee Member
Paul Templet Committee Member
Keywords
  • clean air act
  • clean water act
  • resource conservation and recovery act
  • environmental compliance
Date of Defense 2003-03-25
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Through intense studies of agency audits, EPA policies and documents, state environmental compliance data and state agency issued documents, I have evaluated the enforcement programs of Region Six state environmental agencies. The four elements utilized to perform this evaluation were listed in EPA compliance assurance program documents. The analysis was conducted by comparing state program performance in each element. Element 1 is the “appropriate identification of violations.” Element 2 is the “timely issuance of enforcement actions.” Element 3 is the “escalation of enforcement actions when violations continue.” Element 4 is the “ability to assess and collect penalties.” These elements are interdependent. Their success depends on the perception of their success by the regulated community. A lack of success in one element will prevent the effectiveness of all elements. The community must perceive a high likelihood of being inspected, and a high likelihood of receiving enforcement orders and penalties for existing violations. Without this perception, an enforcement program cannot effectively deter the regulated community from subsequent violations. Because each agency needed to improve in some area of enforcement, it was determined that none of the Region Six state agencies were completely efficient in all elements. Because a successful program relies upon all elements, there is no best or worst program. Each agency contains strengths and weaknesses among the elements, and each agency can improve their environmental enforcement procedures.
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