Title page for ETD etd-04062005-121156


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Ortiz-Barrientos, Daniel
Author's Email Address dortiz1@lsu.edu
URN etd-04062005-121156
Title The Genetics of Speciation by Reinforcement
Degree Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
Department Biological Sciences
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Mohamed A. F. Noor Committee Chair
David D. Pollock Committee Member
Mark A. Batzer Committee Member
Michael E. Hellberg Committee Member
Daniel G. Satterlee Dean's Representative
Keywords
  • evolutionary biology
  • speciation
  • genetics
  • Drosophila
  • behavior
Date of Defense 2005-05-23
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Reinforcement occurs when natural selection strengthens behavioral discrimination to prevent costly interpopulation matings, such as when matings produce sterile hybrids. This evolutionary process can complete speciation, thereby providing a direct link between Darwin’s theory of natural selection and the origin of new species. My dissertation presents the first study on the genetics of reinforcement. This study is framed in a conceptual body that explains how genomic architecture, selection and recombination, interact to facilitate divergence in the presence of gene flow. In addition, in my dissertation I produced a dense recombination map for D. pseudoobscura, which together with the genome sequence opens many possibilities for classic population genetic and genomic analyses in this system.

I examine a case of speciation by reinforcement in Drosophila. I present the first high-resolution genetic study of variation within species for female mating discrimination that is enhanced by natural selection. I show that reinforced mating discrimination is inherited as a dominant trait, exhibits variability within species, and may be influenced by a known set of candidate genes involved in olfaction. My results show that the genetics of reinforced mating discrimination is different from the genetics of mating discrimination between species, suggesting that overall mating discrimination might be a composite phenomenon, which in Drosophila could involve both auditory and olfactory cues. Examining the genetics of reinforcement provides a unique opportunity for both understanding the origin of new species in the face of gene flow and identifying the genetic basis of adaptive female species preferences, two major gaps in our understanding of speciation.

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