Title page for ETD etd-04052005-222449


Type of Document Dissertation
Author O'Callaghan, Patrick Michael
URN etd-04052005-222449
Title The Efficacy of Noncontingent Escape for Decreasing Disruptive Behavior during Dental Treatment
Degree Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Mary Lou Kelley Committee Chair
George Noell Committee Member
Nathan Call Committee Member
W. Drew Gouvier Committee Member
Paul Hoffmann Dean's Representative
Keywords
  • multiple baseline design
  • noncontingent escape
Date of Defense 2005-03-15
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Researchers have developed and demonstrated the effectiveness of a number of interventions to manage disruptive behavior in the dental setting. However, these treatments vary in terms of their effectiveness, invasiveness, effort to implement, and acceptability to families. This study evaluated the effects of noncontingent escape for reducing disruptive behavior in a pediatric dental setting. Within a multiple baseline design across subjects, five children were provided response-independent breaks via an automated cuing device. Results demonstrated reductions in escape-related behaviors (e.g., crying, body movements) for all children. Additionally, the intervention was implemented with high integrity and was favorably rated by the dental patients.
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