Title page for ETD etd-04022007-223148

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Scavo, Tiffany Marie
URN etd-04022007-223148
Title The Efficacy of an Actor-Emotion Technique on Changing Communication Attitude in Children Who Stutter: A Treatment Outcome Study
Degree Master of Arts (M.A.)
Department Communication Sciences & Disorders
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Paul Hoffman Committee Chair
Janna Oetting Committee Member
Melda Kunduk Committee Member
  • communication attitude
  • stuttering
Date of Defense 2007-03-30
Availability unrestricted
The purpose of the present study was to test the efficacy of an actor-emotion strategy approach on changing communication attitudes in an adolescent child who stutters. The participant for this study was an eleven-year, ten-month old male attending a public middle school in Baton Rouge, Louisiana who presented with a severe fluency disorder. The participant attended group sessions Monday-Thursday from 9:00-12:00 for 6 weeks as part of a fluency day camp. The study used a worksheet-based measure to evaluate emotionality on a daily basis.

Using an ABA withdrawal design, two analyses were completed. The first analysis examined the stability or reliability of the “emotions worksheet” as a measure to identify changes in emotional reaction to stuttering and speech. Results for Phase A showed an unusual range of “total” scores, and what appears to have been one outlier at measurement 2. Despite the relatively stable trends during phases B and A2, the overall data indicate that the “emotion worksheet” as applied in this study was not a reliable measure.

The second analysis examined the data collected from the daily journal entries to determine efficacy of the actor-emotion strategy on changing communication attitude. In general, results show little change from the first baseline phase through the treatment phase. Withdrawal of the treatment in the second baseline phase also appeared to result in little change. The average for both comparisons was not reliably different, which suggests that the actor-emotion strategy as applied in this study was not an effective intervention technique for altering the child’s emotional reaction to his speech.

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