Title page for ETD etd-03232005-144548


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Kendzor, Darla E.
Author's Email Address dkendz1@paws.lsu.edu
URN etd-03232005-144548
Title Weight Concern and Smoking in Children
Degree Master of Arts (M.A.)
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Amy L. Copeland Committee Chair
Donald A. Williamson Committee Member
Paula J. Geiselman Committee Member
Wm. Drew Gouvier Committee Member
Keywords
  • eating attitudes
  • outcome expectancies
  • tobacco
  • racial differences
  • dieting
  • sex differences
Date of Defense 2004-12-07
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Studies have shown that weight concern is prevalent in children and that many children believe smoking can be used to control appetite and weight. However, little is known about the impact of the combination of these factors on smoking initiation in children. Initial research has indicated that weight concern predicts smoking initiation in adolescents, but these studies have not addressed the role of weight control outcome expectancies. The purpose of this study was to prospectively investigate the relationship between weight concern and smoking initiation, and to evaluate weight control outcome expectancies as a moderator of this relationship in children. Cross-sectional analyses were conducted to determine whether children who had tried smoking possessed greater concern about weight than those who had not. The impact of sex and race on these relationships were also examined. Results indicated that smokers endorsed greater weight concern, F(1, 708) = 6.71, p = .01, and dieting than non-smokers, F(1, 708) = 7.043, p = .008, and that black children had greater weight concern than white children, F(1, 708) = 3.999, p = .046. Dieting predicted smoking at five months, X(3, N = 708) = 24.297, p = .000, and smokers had greater weight concern over time than non-smokers, F(2, 691) = 3.569, p = .029. Weight control outcome expectancies did not predict smoking at five months, and was not supported as a moderator of the relationship between weight concern and smoking.
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