Type of Document Master's Thesis Author Gregg, James P URN etd-01242006-191616 Title Development and Application of Methods for Evaluation of Hurricane Shelters Degree Master of Science in Civil Engineering (M.S.C.E.) Department Civil & Environmental Engineering Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Marc Levitan Committee Chair Aymen Okiel Committee Member Demitris Nikitopulus Committee Member Ivor Van Heerden Committee Member Keywords
- hurricane shelters
- performance based design
- saffir-simpson scale
- west jefferson medical center
Date of Defense 2005-12-06 Availability unrestricted AbstractWith the population of hurricane prone regions increasing, it has become more difficult to evacuate entire communities, increasing the need for hurricane shelters in coastal areas. Community officials generally use American Red Cross Standard ARC 4496 to evaluate the suitability of buildings for use as shelters.. ARC 4496 uses a least-risk process that evaluates many building and site characteristics. However, it does not address characteristics of the approaching storm and does not provide insight to the expected hazards and performance of the facility under different hurricane conditions.
The new shelter evaluation method was evaluated in a real case study for a large public hospital in the New Orleans area. The results of the case study were used to help the hospital develop its operational sheltering plans and evaluate mitigation alternatives. Some of the recommendations related to shelter operations were put into place during Hurricane Katrina.
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