Title page for ETD etd-0120103-194126


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Martin, Camille
Author's Email Address cmarti3@lsu.edu
URN etd-0120103-194126
Title Radical Dialectics in the Experimental Poetry of Berssenbrugge, Hejinian, Harryman, Weiner, and Scalapino
Degree Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
Department English
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Adelaide Russo Committee Co-Chair
Sharon Aronofsky Weltman Committee Co-Chair
Bainard Cowan Committee Member
Carl Freedman Committee Member
John Henderson Dean's Representative
Keywords
  • Maurice Merleau-Ponty
  • Emmanuel Levinas
  • Julia Kristeva
  • Jessica Benjamin
  • language poetry
  • Nagarjuna
  • Mark Johnson
  • George Lakoff
  • Antonio Damasio
  • Richard Cytowic
  • Michael Gazzaniga
  • dualism
  • contemporary poetry
  • twentieth-century poetry
  • avant-garde poetry
Date of Defense 2002-12-12
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
In this dissertation, I focus on the work of five contemporary experimental poets - Mei-mei Berssenbrugge, Lyn Hejinian, Carla Harryman, Hannah Weiner, and Leslie Scalapino - in order to demonstrate various aspects of a philosophical dynamic at work in their poetry. The critical debates surrounding experimental poetry often tend to be structured as a dualistic opposition with, for example, the forces of coherence, narrative linearity, and transparent referentiality on one side, and the forces of semantic disruption, narrative discontinuity, and linguistic materiality on the other. On each side, critics attempt to bolster the essential value of one term or set of terms over the other, in a binary polarity. However, such a critique only leads to the formation of another hierarchy. I believe that it is important to understand the dialectical motion at work in much experimental poetry in order to avoid lapsing into reductive theories that reinstate hierarchical structures and dualistic thinking.

By describing a "radical dialectics," I am proposing a strategy of reading experimental work that recognizes its philosophical significance and its attempts to complicate dualistic conceptual constructions such as public and private realms of experience, subject and object relations, and narrative and non-narrative forces. This strategy emphasizes the mutually informing and critiquing dialogue and the nonresolving aspect of the dynamic interplay between conceptually opposed terms. I demonstrate this interdependent dialogue in several different yet related realms, including subject and object perceptual experience, the construction of individual subjectivity, temporality and narrativity, and intersubjectivity.

To support my argument for the dialectical motion that I describe in the poetry, I draw upon a diverse range of thinkers, some of whom have influenced the poets whose work I analyze. These theorists span a wide range of fields, including ancient Indian Buddhist philosophy, cognitive science, feminist psychoanalysis, and phenomenology. In their various ways, these thinkers share, along with the poets with whom I place them side by side, the common project of transforming a dualistic view of the world and engaging in a profoundly dialectical philosophical project.

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